Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Third Round, Lebanon 2020
By Several of NGOs
Lebanon’s third-cycle UPR takes place amid a massive wave of unprecedented nationwide protests that started on 17 October 2019. These protests are motivated by the direct repercussions of the economic and monetary crisis on the Lebanese population, whose grievances are rooted in economic and social rights violations inherent in a structurally flawed economic and political system of sectarianism and corruption embraced by decades of successive governments since Lebanon’s independence.
Prevalent Discriminatory Policies and Practices Toward Syrian Refugees in Lebanon
By “Refugees=Partners” Project, September 2020
Following their arrival in Lebanon in 2011, Syrian refugees have faced considerable challenges in their pursuit of dignified living and working conditions in Lebanon. A major obstacle for them is the Government of Lebanon’s (GoL) austere and hostile policy of non-integration and nonresettlement towards refugees that has not only repeatedly violated their basic human rights, let alone their rights as protected persons, but made their legal and socio-economic status more precarious.
This paper updates the Refugees=Partner’s 2019 report, “Lebanon’s Discriminatory Policies Towards Syrian Refugees and Its Violation of National and International Law”, and aims to shed light on the latest developments in Lebanon’s discriminatory policies against Syrian refugees and their adherence to, or violation of, national and international law as well as regional agreements.
Lebanon’s discriminatory policies towards Syrian refugees and its violation of national and international law.
By “Refugees=Partners” Project, March 2019
The aim of this paper is to shed light on the rights granted to Syrian refugees under international law, and to compare them to Lebanese law. It also seeks to expose the unlawfulness of the policies implemented and practiced by the Lebanese government and authorities, as well as municipalities, such as the installation of curfews and evictions on a local municipal level, and harsh restrictions on obtaining legal residency, stricter border policies, and forced return on a national level.
It will then conclude that the punitive, discriminatory, and unlawful methods that the Lebanese government, authorities, and municipalities have used to cope with the influx of Syrian refugees could be seen as part of a larger strategy to create an unwelcoming and unbearable environment for Syrian refugees as a means of forcibly returning them to Syria.
Informal Labor in the Arab Countries, Facts and Rights
By Samir Aita, September 2017
The decision of the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND) to make a “Watch report on economic and social rights in the Arab countries” centered on informal labor was a major challenge. However, it was a challenge that had to be faced after the events of the “Arab Spring”. Tarek Mohamed Bouazizi, who ignited it, was not an unemployed. He was a 27-years-old informal worker in a peripheral region of Tunisia. He did not benefit from any form of development that could guaranteed his human dignity. He was not a waged agricultural employee like his father, but worked for his own account. This means that he was a kind of entrepreneur from the private sector; the role of which and of the youth are praised by the current literature on economic growth. His desperation and suicide burning himself resulted precisely from the repression he experienced because he was “informal”, and that he should be bound by the legislations in force, what ended with the confiscation of his means of subsistence. It is thus clear that addressing this challenge is at the heart of tackling development issues in the Arab countries.