Lebanon’s discriminatory policies towards Syrian refugees and its violation of national and international law.

Lebanon’s discriminatory policies

By “Refugees=Partners” Project, March 2019

The aim of this paper is to shed light on the rights granted to Syrian refugees under international law, and to compare them to Lebanese law. It also seeks to expose the unlawfulness of the policies implemented and practiced by the Lebanese government and authorities, as well as municipalities, such as the installation of curfews and evictions on a local municipal level, and harsh restrictions on obtaining legal residency, stricter border policies, and forced return on a national level.
It will then conclude that the punitive, discriminatory, and unlawful methods that the Lebanese government, authorities, and municipalities have used to cope with the influx of Syrian refugees could be seen as part of a larger strategy to create an unwelcoming and unbearable environment for Syrian refugees as a means of forcibly returning them to Syria.

Informal Labor in the Arab Countries, Facts and Rights

Informal Labor in the Arab Countries

By Samir Aita, September 2017

The decision of the Arab NGO Network for Development (ANND) to make a “Watch report on economic and social rights in the Arab countries” centered on informal labor was a major challenge. However, it was a challenge that had to be faced after the events of the “Arab Spring”. Tarek Mohamed Bouazizi, who ignited it, was not an unemployed. He was a 27-years-old informal worker in a peripheral region of Tunisia. He did not benefit from any form of development that could guaranteed his human dignity. He was not a waged agricultural employee like his father, but worked for his own account. This means that he was a kind of entrepreneur from the private sector; the role of which and of the youth are praised by the current literature on economic growth. His desperation and suicide burning himself resulted precisely from the repression he experienced because he was “informal”, and that he should be bound by the legislations in force, what ended with the confiscation of his means of subsistence. It is thus clear that addressing this challenge is at the heart of tackling development issues in the Arab countries.